Professor of Chemical Engineering, Bioengineering and Biochemistry, Caltech

Professor Frances Arnold is a renowned American scientist and engineer who has pioneered ‘directed evolution’ to create useful biological systems, including enzymes, metabolic pathways, genetic regulatory circuits and organisms. She is Professor of Chemical Engineering and Biochemistry at the California Institute of Technology, where she studies evolution and its applications in science, medicine, chemicals and energy.

Professor Arnold’s research includes the development of highly active enzymes (cellulases) and microorganisms to convert renewable biomass to fuels and chemicals. Arnold has been elected to the US National Academies for Science and Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. She was awarded the Charles Stark Draper Prize, National Medal of Technology and Innovation (2011) and the Eni Prize in Renewable and Nonconventional Energy (2013). Arnold was inducted into the US National Inventors Hall of Fame (2014).